Home pageKEYWORD_1Culture of Cambodia

History of Cambodia from the Khmer Rouge
Date: 12/12/2014

It is important to remember that history did not begin with the Cambodian Khmer Rouge. Extremely harsh regime of Pol Pot has attracted the most attention, but the Cambodians have enjoyed a long history and often win.

It is important to remember that history did not begin with the Cambodian Khmer Rouge. Extremely harsh regime of Pol Pot has attracted the most attention, but the Cambodians have enjoyed a long history and often win. Anyone who witnessed the magnificent temples at Angkor can attest to the fact that the Khmer Empire was once wealthy, military, and a major force in the region. Its peak under Jayavarman VII (1181-ca 1218), Empire implement substantial profit territory of Vietnam and Care. Khmer Empire stretched to include parts of modern-day Thailand, Malaysia, Burma, Laos and Vietnam.

Relief battle at Angkor

Time after the fall of the Khmer Empire has been described as the dark ages of Cambodia are likely to be set to cease to exist as an independent kingdom altogether, with the historian John Tully claims "may have little doubt that they [the French] intervention to prevent the disappearance of the political realm."

The French ruled Cambodia forgotten for all but the elite establishment. It is from this class that many people "Khmer Rouge" would emerge. Keep in Southeast Asia by Japan in World War II undermine the prestige of France and after the Allied victory Prince Sihanouk soon declared independence. This is a transition relatively peaceful, France was too absorbed with the struggle in Vietnam, where it is seen as important to the conception of L'Indochine Francaise.

Prince Sihanouk is a powerful figure in the country later. He was noted for making very strange movies in which he starred, wrote and directed. His rule was characterized at this point to a revival of Buddhism and the emphasis on education. This is a mixed blessing, however. He was successful in helping to create an educated class became increasingly frustrated with the lack of jobs available. As the economic situation in Cambodia deteriorated, many of these young people are attracted to the Indochinese Communist Party, and then the Khmer Rouge.

Faces of Avalokiteshvara at Prasat Bayon

When the war in Indochina War Monday Cambodian border spreads to more than the combined reduction Alllies all in all theaters during World War II.

In March 1970, whilist overseas to visit Moscow and Beijing, Sihanouk was overthrown by General Lon Nol and the other, who is considered favorable in the United States. Sihanouk then put his support behind the Khmer Rouge. This change much under the influence, he is after all considered a Boddhisatva. Meanwhile, under the Khmer Rouge for example Vietnam and began to create his own to the rural poor.

After a five-year struggle, Communist Khmer Rouge forces occupied Phnom Penh in 1975 and ordered the evacuation of all cities and towns. More than 1 million people (and maybe more) died implementation or enforcement difficulties. People from the city known as the "new" and was the worst at first. Rural peasantry is considered the "base" of the people and in better condition. However, the brutality of the Khmer Rouge were issued in both groups. It also depends a lot on where you are. For example, the East in general it worse. Debated whether the Khmer Rouge began "crimes against humanity" or "genocide" lasts. There are claims to have had a disproportionate number of the Cham people were killed, and the persecution of ethnic Vietnamese also. However, the Khmer also often indescriminate mass murder. 1978 Vietnamese invasion drove the Khmer Rouge into the countryside and end 13 years of fighting (but the fighting will continue for some time in the border regions). Cold War politics means that despite the horrible crimes committed by the Khmer Rouge, they were recognized by the government shortly after the liberation of Vietnam, actually they continue to receive support secret and funded by the United States. As a result of the political destruction of the Khmer Rouge regime, has virtually no infrastructure left. Organization of higher education, money, and all forms of commercial industry was destroyed in 1978, so the country has been built up from scratch. UN sponsored elections in 1993 helped restore some familiar routine, as did rapid decline of the Khmer Rouge in the mid-1990s a coalition government, which was established after the national elections in 1998, brought new political stability and surrender the remaining Khmer Rouge forces.

The Chambers abnormalities in the courts of Cambodia (ECCC) is brought brother-in-law of Pol Pot, Ieng Sary, on trial for crimes against humanity.

Related Articles