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Silhouette of Angkor Wat architecture
Date: 11/12/2014

Cambodia is preparing to build complex research institutes and museums genocide called Sleuk Rith. This work by female architect Zaha Hadid, the Iraqi British designed and properly published 35 years after the Khmer Rouge genocide regime collapsed.

Sleuk Rith Institute is a set of conditions including museums, research centers, documentation center, education center and library, located in a park in the center of the new expansion capital, Phnom Penh. This population will act as a research center genocide throughout Asia, with strong educational significance.

Do not be a slave to the past

The project was the idea of human rights activists Youk Chhang (53). He is the director of Documentation Center of Cambodia (DC-Cam) since 1995. Recently, Chhang has amassed a large body of literature detailing the atrocities of the Khmer Rouge regime killed 2 million Cambodian ruling in time.

"We have to live with a long shadow and darkness" - Chhang said - "But we can not be the slave of his past. I want Sleuk Rith Institute brings something new and contains hope, help us get rid of obsession is the victim of the Khmer Rouge regime. "

For over two decades, Chhang and his team have collected more than 2 million documents, pictures, documents, footage and mapped 200 prisons and 20,000 mass graves across Cambodia.

Through the confidential report describing the situation in rural areas - where 1 million people died of starvation, to the testimony of thousands of prisoners were killed secret police, document repositories of Chhang has provided evidence important and necessary in adjudicating two former leaders of the Khmer Rouge, including Khieu Samphan (83) and Nuon Chea (88). Both the 2 guys finally convicted by crimes against humanity in August this year.

"The court is one of the processes necessary to lay the foundation for healing and reconciliation. But you can not erase the memories are so deep "- Chhang said and pulled pants to reveal a piece of scar stretching the calf. This is a result of being beaten once in a slave labor camp, where he was taken to the age of 14.

His sister suffered horrible fate: being accused of stealing rice. Camp guards were slit her stomach to find traces of the theft, but when he saw an empty stomach, they were so painful she died. "Like a silent heart attack, you think I did okay, but disease relapse" - Chhang said - "I want Rith Institute Sleuk break that silence and looking toward the future. Many memorial museum was created for visitors to feel sad, angry and inexcusable. These works often by male architect design. So I think it's better to invite a female architect designed Sleuk Rith Institute ".

Inspired by Angkor Wat

Zaha Hadid has long been known as the "witch" of the school of architecture relief texture. Architecture by Zaha create shapes are based on the zig-zag structure diversity, creating the impression of a structure like fluid motion, making the space look great as you're moving around constantly.

In projects Sleuk Rith Institute, she has put into the design of flexible curves, thereby creating a harmonious work unusual. It is noteworthy that 5 functions of Sleuk Rith Institute is evident in cluster 5 separate buildings, representing Angkor Wat's five towers.

"This project is different from the rest of the project we" - architect Hadid said - "This is the first time we used wood in the design, to create a warm mood, gently more visitors. "Around the building there are lakes, roads and bridges together logically.

"We are inspired by the ancient temples of Angkor Wat, the geometry looks very simple but create complex patterns" - DaeWha Kang, architect of the project, said.

The invitation Hadid Architects designed the project has led many people not surprised, because she had been condemned human rights abuses, ignoring the plight of workers during the construction of a number of previously. The controversial project of Heydar Aliyev she Center in Azerbaijan, where residents were forced to leave the land in which they live and World Cup stadiums in Qatar, where many workers are paid only a very low.

However Chhang defended decide Hadid. "Architecture is a tool that can alter the perspective of a rotten system. An artist can not do this, but the architect can do "- Chhang said.

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